iHuman case: Bebe Babbitt- migraine Example

In this iHuman case study, we delve into the assessment and management of migraines, focusing on Bebe Babbitt as our patient. Migraines are a prevalent neurological disorder characterized by recurrent severe headaches, often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, photophobia, and phonophobia (Mayo Clinic, 2022). Through this case study, we explore the comprehensive approach to diagnosing and treating migraines, encompassing both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions.

Case Presentation

Bebe Babbitt, a fictional patient, presents with a chief complaint of recurrent severe headaches. She describes a pattern of episodic migraines, lasting several hours to days and significantly impacting her daily life. Bebe reports experiencing nausea, photophobia, and phonophobia during migraine attacks. Additionally, she mentions a family history of migraines, suggesting a potential genetic predisposition to the condition.

Assessment and Diagnosis

The diagnostic evaluation for migraines typically includes a thorough medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests to rule out other potential causes of headaches. Neuroimaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans, may be ordered to rule out intracranial lesions. Laboratory tests, including complete blood count (CBC), electrolyte panel, and thyroid function tests, can help identify underlying medical conditions or triggers contributing to migraines (American Migraine Foundation, 2022).


The management of migraines involves a multimodal approach aimed at relieving acute symptoms and preventing future attacks. Pharmacological interventions may include acute abortive medications, such as triptans or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), to alleviate acute migraine symptoms. Preventive medications, such as beta-blockers, anticonvulsants, or antidepressants, may be prescribed for patients with frequent or severe migraines (American Academy of Neurology, 2020).

Non-pharmacological interventions play a crucial role in migraine management and may include lifestyle modifications, stress management techniques, dietary adjustments, and regular exercise. Behavioral therapies, such as biofeedback or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can also be beneficial in managing migraine symptoms (Lipton et al., 2021).

Patient Education and Follow-Up

Patient education is essential in empowering individuals with migraines to recognize triggers, early warning signs, and effective self-management strategies. Emphasizing the importance of adherence to prescribed medications, lifestyle modifications, and the use of headache diaries to track migraine frequency and severity can help optimize treatment outcomes (National Headache Foundation, 2022). Follow-up care is crucial to monitor treatment effectiveness, adjust medication regimens as needed, and address any concerns or adverse effects.


American Academy of Neurology. (2020). Preventive medications for migraine. https://www.aan.com/Guidelines/home/GuidelineDetail/1117

American Migraine Foundation. (2022). Migraine diagnosis. https://americanmigrainefoundation.org/resource-library/migraine-diagnosis/

Lipton, R. B., Pavlovic, J. M., Haut, S. R., Grosberg, B. M., & Buse, D. C. (2021). Nonpharmacologic approaches for migraine. Neurology, 97(5), e551–e560. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000012615

Mayo Clinic. (2022). Migraine. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/migraine-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20360201

National Headache Foundation. (2022). Migraine treatment. https://headaches.org/health-center/migraine-treatments/

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